How to Vote in India? Detailed Guide for Lok Sabha Elections 2024, step-by-step guide

How to Vote in India:- As India heads to the polls for the general elections on Friday, April 19, approximately 970 million eligible voters will determine the occupants of the 543 parliamentary seats in the lower house in New Delhi. In this crucial moment where each vote holds the potential for change, numerous individuals will be exercising their franchise at the polling booth for the first time. Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi has encouraged all citizens to embrace the electoral process as a celebration akin to a festival.

How to Vote in India

The upcoming general elections in India are scheduled to take place from April 19, 2024, to June 1, 2024. It’s a significant event where every Indian citizen holds the privilege to vote for their preferred candidate. Voting is not just a right but also a cornerstone of democracy, ensuring that each eligible citizen can participate in shaping the nation’s governance. Regardless of one’s background, caste, creed, or economic standing, every eligible individual has an equal opportunity to partake in this democratic process. Through voting, citizens express their choices, selecting representatives who will govern and make crucial decisions on their behalf. This year, if you’re eligible to cast your vote, we’re here to guide you through the process of voting in India.

How to Vote in India


Voting in India Overview

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Understand Your Voting Rights

In India, individuals must attain the age of 18 or older to exercise their voting privileges in elections. Keep in mind, this isn’t merely a right but also a civic duty to engage in the democratic process.

Enrollment in the Voter List

To exercise your voting rights, it’s imperative to be listed in the Voter List. If your name isn’t included, registration is necessary. You can accomplish this by visiting the official websites of the Election Commission of India (ECI) or the State Election Commission (SEC). Ensure to furnish essential documents like identity proof, address proof, and passport-sized photographs.

About the Election Commission of India (ECI)

Established on January 25th, 1950, the Election Commission of India is a statutory body formed by legislation. Its responsibilities encompass the management, direction, supervision, and execution of elections across all states, as well as for the Indian Parliament, including presidential and vice-presidential elections.

Who is Eligible to Vote?

Every Indian citizen attaining the age of 18 by January 1st of the relevant year is eligible to cast their vote. Additionally, they must be enrolled at a regular place of residence and registered for a single constituency. Indian citizens residing abroad should have ordinary resident status listed on their passports.

Checking Voter List

Once you’ve completed your registration, verify whether your name appears on the voter list. This list comprises the names of all eligible voters within the specific constituency. Access the official website of the Election Commission of India (ECI) or the respective State Election Commission for this purpose.

Check Voting List

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Where to check voter registration status?

You can only vote if your name appears in the Voter List (also known as electoral roll). Verify your name on the list by either:

How do I use EVM?

  • EVM stands for Electronic Voting Machine and VVPAT stands for Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT). Click to see video for how to vote using EVM VVPAT

Downloading Your Voter ID (EPIC) & its Importance

If your name is listed in the voter list, proceed to download your voter ID, also known as Elector Photo Identity Cards (EPIC). You can obtain it from the official website of the ECI or the respective State Election Commission. To download, input details like your name, date of birth, and constituency. Alternatively, if you possess an EPIC number, consider these options for downloading your voter ID:

  • Log in to
  • Dial the Voter Helpline at 1950 (remember to add your STD code before dialing)
  • Send an SMS with the format “EPIC number” to 1950. EPIC stands for Electors Photo Identity Card, commonly known as a Voter ID card.

It’s crucial to carry this ID card while casting your vote.

Locating Your Polling Booth

Once you’ve obtained your Voter ID, familiarize yourself with your constituency. Identify your electoral constituency where you hold the eligibility to vote in India. Remember, each constituency hosts different polling booths where voters cast their ballots. To determine your assigned polling booth, utilize the Election Commission of India’s website,, or access the Voter Helpline App. Alternatively, voters can dial the Voter Helpline at 1950 (ensure to include your STD code before dialing). Provide your details such as name, constituency, and locality (pincode) on the website or app. Additionally, during elections, the government and candidates often distribute physical voter information slips to households, encouraging citizens to exercise their voting rights.

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Election Schedule

Once you’ve identified your polling booth, remain informed about the election schedule, encompassing dates for voter registration, polling, and result declaration.

Lok Sabha Elections

Lok Sabha election 2024 schedule

PhaseDateStates/UTs Undergoing PollingFully CoveredStates/UTs Completing Election Process
1April 19Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, Uttarakhand, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar islands, parts of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Tripura, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, Manipur, Assam, Bihar10
2April 26Kerala, parts of Karnataka, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Assam, Manipur, Tripura, West Bengal14
3May 7Gujarat, Goa, parts of Karnataka, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, West Bengal, Assam33
4May 13Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, parts of Odisha, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Bihar, West Bengal23
5May 20Ladakh, parts of Maharashtra, Odisha, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Bihar13
6May 25Delhi, Haryana, parts of Odisha, West Bengal, Jharkhand, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh22
7June 1Punjab, Chandigarh, Himachal Pradesh, parts of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Odisha38

The counting for the Lok Sabha polls will be held on June 4.

Voting Procedure at the Polling Venue

On the day of voting, candidates are required to visit designated polling booths within the stipulated voting hours, as indicated on their voter ID slip.

  • Upon reaching the polling booth, join the queue outside the entrance. It’s advisable to arrive early in the morning to avoid crowds. Polling booths are typically located in schools, community centers, and government buildings.
  • Upon reaching the entrance, an election official will verify your identity and eligibility to vote. Present your Voter ID Card or a government-approved identification document such as an Aadhar card for verification. Once verified, you’ll be permitted to enter the polling booth area to cast your vote.
  • Inside the polling booth room, locate your voting compartment, which is a private area. Verify the Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) carefully. Utilize the provided ballot paper or EVM to mark your vote for your chosen candidate by either marking on the ballot paper or pressing the button on the EVM. You can identify the candidate by their symbol or assigned number.
  • After marking your vote, review your choices for accuracy. Once satisfied, submit to confirm your vote on the EVM. Then, approach the election official near the EVM or ballot box and deposit your marked ballot paper or confirm your vote electronically.
  • Following the vote casting, the election official will apply special ink on your finger as an indicator of your participation on that day. This ink serves as a preventive measure to prevent individuals from casting multiple votes.
  • Your voting process concludes after the inking procedure. You may exit the polling booth and await the election results.

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Valid Identification Cards for Voting

In order to cast your vote, you must present a valid identification card. Election officials will verify the identity and eligibility of voters using these documents to prevent fraudulent voting. Here is a list of acceptable identification cards that you can bring to the polling booth:

  • Voter ID Card: Also known as the Electoral Photo Identity Card (EPIC), issued by the Election Commission of India (ECI) to eligible voters aged 18 or above.
  • Aadhar Card: Issued by the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI), this is a unique and universally accepted document.
  • Passport: An official travel document provided by the Government of India, serving as a valid identity card for the voting process.
  • Driving Licence: Issued by the Regional Transport Office (RTO), it is recognized as a valid identification card for voting purposes.
  • PAN Card: The Permanent Account Number (PAN) Card, issued by the Income Tax Department, containing the holder’s photograph, PAN number, and other pertinent details.
  • Service Identity Cards: For government employees, armed forces personnel, and employees of public sector undertakings (PSUs).
  • Bank Passbooks: With photographs issued by banks or post offices.
  • Smart Card issued by RGI under NPR: A Smart Card issued by the Registrar General of India under the National Population Register (NPR) scheme.
  • MNREGA Job Card (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee): A job card issued under the MNREGA scheme.
  • Health Insurance Smart Card: Issued under the Ministry of Labour’s health insurance scheme.
  • Pension Document with Photograph: A document proving pension status, accompanied by a photograph.
  • Official Identity Cards: Issued to MPs (Members of Parliament), MLAs (Members of Legislative Assembly), and MLCs (Members of Legislative Council).

How to Vote for first-time in 2024 Elections?

Here’s a step-by-step guide for first-time voters on how to cast their vote:

Vote for first-time

  • Voter Enrollment: Confirm your inclusion in the Voter List. Ensure your name is listed to participate in voting.
  • Voting Eligibility: Eligible individuals include Indian citizens, residents of the polling area, and those aged 18 or above. Check your name in the electoral roll and register for a single parliamentary constituency.
  • Registration Process: Seek assistance by calling 1950 for election-related queries. Register online via or through the Voter Helpline App (VHA). Alternatively, register offline by contacting Booth Level Officers (BLO) or visiting Voter Facilitation Centres.
  • Postal Ballot Facility: Eligible categories such as senior citizens, persons with disabilities, those affected by COVID-19, and essential service employees can utilize the postal ballot facility by completing Form 12D.
  • Required Documents: Carry a valid identity document along with the Voter Information Slip to the polling station. Acceptable documents include Voter ID Card (EPIC), Aadhar Card, PAN Card, Unique Disability ID (UDID) Card, Service Identity Card, Passbook with photo by Bank/Post Office, Health Insurance Smart Card, Driving License, Passport, Smart card issued by RGI under NPR, Pension Document, Official identity card issued to MPs / MLAs/ MLCs, or MNREGA Job Card.

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Upcoming Elections in India

The Lok Sabha Election in 2024 is on the horizon, slated to commence from Friday, April 19th, to Saturday, June 1st, 2024, spanning across the nation. This electoral event stands as one of India’s most significant democratic exercises, occurring every five years. With over 900 million eligible voters, its impact resonates not only nationally but globally as well. Possessing a valid Voter ID card and your name on the voter list grants you the privilege to vote for your preferred party.

Key political entities such as the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Indian National Congress (INC), and regional parties like the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP), All India Trinamool Congress (AITC), Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK), etc., vie for dominance. The party securing the majority of seats in the Lok Sabha assumes governance and appoints the Prime Minister to lead the nation. Presently, Mr. Narendra Modi serves as the Prime Minister of India. Leading up to the election day, political parties and candidates engage in extensive campaigning through rallies, roadshows, social media, and traditional advertising to connect with voters and secure their support. While some voters may have already decided their preferences, the choice ultimately remains with the individual.

On election day, voters can cast their ballots using electronic voting machines (EVMs) at designated polling stations. It’s imperative to locate your polling booth and the voting day in your area. The Lok Sabha Election 2024 aims to bolster maximum voter turnout, emphasizing the importance of every citizen exercising their right to vote. A higher turnout signifies a robust democracy, showcasing active citizen participation in the electoral process. Every eligible individual should participate in the Lok Sabha Election 2024.

Following the voting process, the Election Commission will tally the votes, and the results will be declared after due diligence, reflecting the will of the people.

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In conclusion, the Lok Sabha Election for 2024 symbolizes a cornerstone of India’s democratic process, engaging over 900 million eligible voters nationwide. As political parties intensify their campaigns, citizens hold the power to shape the nation’s future by exercising their voting rights. The election’s objective of maximizing voter turnout underscores the essence of participatory democracy. With each ballot cast, citizens contribute to the vibrancy and strength of India’s democratic fabric, ensuring their voices are heard and heeded.


How are Lok Sabha members elected?

Members of the Lok Sabha are elected through adult universal suffrage and a first-past-the-post system to represent their individual constituencies. They serve a term of five years or until the body is dissolved by the President upon the recommendation of the council of ministers.

How many Lok Sabha seats are there?

In total, voting for the 543 Lok Sabha seats is scheduled across seven phases. The subsequent phases are set for May 13, May 20, May 25, and June 1.

What is the power of Lok Sabha?

The Lok Sabha possesses the power to dismiss the Council of Ministers. Regarding financial matters, no tax can be levied without the authorization or consent of the Lok Sabha. Additionally, it holds judicial authority to impeach the President for constitutional violations.

How can I download my Voter ID (EPIC)?

You can acquire it either from the official ECI website or by sending an SMS with your EPIC number.

States and Capitals of India

Union Territories of India

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