Largest States in India by Area and Population 2024

Largest States in India 2024:- India, the world’s largest democracy and one of its most culturally diverse nations, boasts an impressive array of states, each with its own unique identity and contribution to the country’s tapestry. Among these states, some stand out not just for their cultural heritage or economic prowess but also for their sheer size, both in terms of landmass and population. As of 2024, let’s delve into India’s largest states by area and population, exploring their significance and what sets them apart.

Largest States in India

India stands as a colossal nation, both in terms of landmass and populace, securing the 7th position globally in terms of area. Remarkably, it holds the 2nd spot worldwide in population, with China taking the lead. In this piece, we delve into the largest states in India by both area and population. As the latest census is awaited, we rely on approximate data from the NHS. Furthermore, this article presents a comprehensive list of Indian states arranged in descending order of both area and population. Join us as we explore India’s vastness in both dimensions.

Largest States in India

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Top 5 Largest States in India by Area

Below is a summary table highlighting the top 5 largest states in India based on their respective land areas:

Rank State Area (in square kilometers)
1 Rajasthan 342,000
2 Madhya Pradesh 308,000
3 Maharashtra 307,000
4 Uttar Pradesh 240,000
5 Gujarat 196,024

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Rajasthan holds the title of being the largest state in India in terms of area, covering over 342,000 square kilometers. This expansive region accounts for 10.4% of the country’s landmass. Positioned in the western part of the Indian subcontinent, Rajasthan boasts a rich tapestry of history, culture, and the breathtaking expanse of its desert landscape.


Madhya Pradesh

As the second-largest state in India, Madhya Pradesh spans more than 308,000 square kilometers. Nestled in the heart of the country, its name literally translates to “Central Province”. Renowned for its historical legacy, diverse wildlife, and adorned with ancient temples and monuments, Madhya Pradesh showcases the essence of India’s cultural richness.

Madhya Pradesh

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Maharashtra secures the third spot among India’s largest states, covering an area exceeding 307,000 square kilometers. Situated in the western realm of the nation, it’s distinguished by its bustling capital, Mumbai. The state’s geographical diversity encompasses serene beaches, towering mountains, and verdant forests, adding to its allure.


Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh, occupying over 240,000 square kilometers, earns its place as the fourth-largest state in the Indian subcontinent. Situated in the northern expanse of India, UP is revered for its profound cultural heritage, adorned with historical monuments and revered religious sites that resonate with the essence of the nation’s past.

Uttar Pradesh


Gujarat emerges as the fifth largest state in India, spanning an area of 196,024 square kilometers. Located along the western coast of India, Gujarat is steeped in a rich cultural legacy. Famed for its picturesque beaches, ornate temples, and thriving wildlife sanctuaries, Gujarat stands as a testament to India’s natural and cultural splendor.


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List of Largest States in India by Area 2024

Here’s the list of the largest states in India by area for the year 2024, arranged in descending order:

Sl.No. State Region Area (in km²)
1 Rajasthan Northern 342,239
2 Madhya Pradesh Central 308,252
3 Maharashtra Western 307,713
4 Uttar Pradesh Northern 240,928
5 Gujarat Western 196,024
6 Karnataka South 191,791
7 Andhra Pradesh South 160,205
8 Odisha Eastern 155,707
9 Chhattisgarh Central 135,191
10 Tamil Nadu South 130,058
11 Telangana South 112,077
12 Bihar Eastern 94,163
13 West Bengal Eastern 88,752
14 Arunachal Pradesh Northeast 83,743
15 Jharkhand Eastern 79,714
16 Assam Northeast 78,438
17 Himachal Pradesh Northern 55,673
18 Uttarakhand Northern 53,483
19 Punjab Northern 50,362
20 Haryana Northern 44,212
21 Kerala South 38,863
22 Meghalaya Northeast 22,429
23 Manipur Northeast 22,327
24 Mizoram Northeast 21,081
25 Nagaland Northeast 16,579
26 Tripura Northeast 10,486
27 Sikkim Northeast 7,096
28 Goa Western 3,702

This classification presents the states in India based on their land area, with the largest state, Rajasthan, topping the list.

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Top 5 Largest States in India by Population

Below is a summary table featuring the top 5 largest states in India by population for the year 2024:

Rank State Population
1 Uttar Pradesh Over 200 million
2 Maharashtra 120 million
3 Bihar 100 million
4 West Bengal Over 90 million
5 Madhya Pradesh Over 80 million

Here’s a rewritten version of the list of the largest states in India based on population:

Uttar Pradesh

Topping the charts as India’s most populous state, Uttar Pradesh boasts a population exceeding 200 million. Renowned for its rich cultural heritage and iconic landmarks, such as the Taj Mahal and the recently inaugurated Ram Mandir in Ayodhya, it stands as a symbol of Hinduism worldwide.

Uttar Pradesh


Following closely, Maharashtra secures the second spot with a population of 120 million. This vibrant state is not only home to the financial capital of India but also renowned for its Nagpur oranges and the bustling city of Mumbai, a global hub for both Bollywood and the stock market.


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With a population of 100 million, Bihar ranks third among India’s most populous states. Situated in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent, Bihar has made significant strides in development, shedding its previous status as one of the ‘Bimaru’ states, thanks to ongoing government initiatives.



West Bengal

West Bengal claims the fourth position in terms of population, housing over 90 million individuals. Stretching from the majestic Himalayas to the serene Bay of Bengal, this state boasts a rich cultural legacy, with luminaries like Rabindranath Tagore shaping its history and identity.

West Bengal

Madhya Pradesh

Occupying the fifth spot, Madhya Pradesh is home to more than 80 million people. Often referred to as Rajasthan’s counterpart, it thrives with a vibrant cultural scene and is dotted with historical marvels that draw tourists from around the globe.

Madhya Pradesh

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List of Largest States in India by Population 2024

Here’s the revised list of Indian states ranked according to population, considering the data available:

Sl.No. State Region Population
1 Uttar Pradesh Northern 199,812,341
2 Maharashtra Western 112,374,333
3 Bihar Eastern 104,099,452
4 West Bengal Eastern 91,276,115
5 Madhya Pradesh Central 72,626,809
6 Tamil Nadu South 72,147,030
7 Rajasthan Northern 68,548,437
8 Karnataka South 61,095,297
9 Gujarat Western 60,439,692
10 Andhra Pradesh South 49,577,103
11 Odisha Eastern 41,974,219
12 Telangana South 35,003,674
13 Kerala South 33,406,061
14 Jharkhand Eastern 32,988,134
15 Assam Northeast 31,205,576
16 Punjab Northern 27,743,338
17 Chhattisgarh Central 25,545,198
18 Haryana Northern 25,351,462
19 Uttarakhand Northern 10,086,292
20 Himachal Pradesh Northern 6,864,602
21 Tripura Northeast 3,673,917
22 Meghalaya Northeast 2,966,889
23 Manipur Northeast 2,570,390
24 Nagaland Northeast 1,978,502
25 Goa Western 1,458,545
26 Arunachal Pradesh Northeast 1,383,727
27 Mizoram Northeast 1,097,206
28 Sikkim Northeast 610,577

Please note that these population figures are based on the latest available data, with the last official survey conducted by the Government of India in 2011.

Significance of Categorizing States Based on Population

Residing in a democratic nation where citizens wield significant influence, conducting an accurate census is paramount. This process helps delineate the population distribution across states and districts, informing governmental policies and resource allocation. Despite being delayed due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the forthcoming census will illuminate critical demographic insights. Through population data, authorities discern gender ratios, poverty levels, caste demographics, and various societal divisions. Armed with this information, both central and state governments craft inclusive policies and allocate resources strategically, ensuring targeted societal segments receive the necessary support and attention.

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India’s largest states by area and population embody the country’s diversity, heritage, and dynamism. From the arid landscapes of Rajasthan to the bustling metropolises of Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh, each state contributes its unique flavor to India’s cultural mosaic. As we navigate through the complexities of the 21st century, these states serve as reminders of India’s rich tapestry of traditions, languages, and aspirations, shaping the nation’s trajectory on the global stage.


What is India's population in 2024?

As of January 2024, India's population reached 1.44 billion. Over the period between early 2023 and the beginning of 2024, there was a notable increase of 13 million people, marking a growth of 0.9 percent. Females comprise 48.4 percent of the population, while males account for 51.6 percent.

What is the largest state in India by area?

Rajasthan claims the designation of being India's largest state in terms of area, encompassing more than 342,000 square kilometers.

What is the population of India's largest state in 2024?

Uttar Pradesh holds the title of the most populous state in India in 2024, with a population exceeding 200 million.

Which state ranks second in terms of population in India in 2024?

Maharashtra holds the second position in terms of population among Indian states in 2024, with a populace exceeding 120 million.

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