SIP Definition, Types, Benefits, Working, Feature, Plans, Steps To Invest and More

SIP Definition:- SIP, or Systematic Investment Plan, is a method of regularly investing money in mutual funds over time. This automatic monthly investment process can start with as little as 100 Rs per month, allowing you to choose your SIP amount based on your income. It is designed as a long-term investment strategy for optimal returns, following the principle of “Start Early, Invest Regularly.” SIPs are popular among investors due to their simplicity, affordability, and potential for long-term wealth creation.

A Systematic Investment Plan promotes a disciplined approach to investing in mutual funds. By investing regularly, SIPs offer a convenient way to build wealth gradually, benefit from rupee cost averaging, and leverage the power of compounding over the long term.

SIP Definition

SIP (Systematic Investment Plan) is a method of investing in mutual funds where an investor allocates a fixed amount of money at regular intervals, typically monthly or quarterly. This strategy is ideal for those aiming to achieve financial goals such as wealth creation, retirement planning, or funding education, offering the flexibility to adapt to changing financial circumstances. Investments have become a crucial aspect of financial planning. While saving was once the primary focus, the pursuit of higher returns has shifted attention to investments. SIP has emerged as a popular investment method among investors.

SIP Definition

Systematic Investment Plan Overview

DefinitionSystematic Investment Plan (SIP) is a method of investing in mutual funds by regularly investing a fixed amount at specified intervals (weekly, monthly, quarterly).
Investment FrequencyWeekly, Monthly, Quarterly, Semi-Annually, Annually
Minimum Investment AmountTypically starts from Rs. 100 or Rs. 500 per month
Process to Start SIP1. Select a mutual fund scheme  2. Choose investment frequency  3. Complete KYC formalities 4. Set up auto-debit from bank account
Key Benefits1. Rupee-Cost Averaging  2. Professional Fund Management  3. Financial Discipline  4. Compounding
Types of SIP1. Fixed SIP  2. Top-Up SIP  3. Perpetual SIP  4. Flexible SIP
Rupee-Cost AveragingInvesting a fixed amount regularly allows buying more units when prices are low and fewer units when prices are high, averaging out the cost over time.
Power of CompoundingEarnings on your investments generate their own earnings over time, leading to exponential growth. The earlier you start, the greater the benefit from compounding.
FlexibilitySIPs offer the flexibility to adjust investment amounts and frequencies based on changing financial situations.
Stopping SIPCan be stopped at any time without penalties by notifying the fund house or through the investment platform.
Risk ManagementAllows for diversified investments across different mutual fund schemes, spreading and reducing risk.
Best SIP Funds (as of June 2024)1. Parag Parikh Flexi Cap Fund Direct-Growth  2. Kotak Equity Opportunities Fund Direct-Growth  3. Mirae Asset Large & Midcap Fund Direct-Growth  4. Edelweiss Large & Mid Cap Direct Plan-Growth  5. Canara Robeco Emerging Equities Fund Direct-Growth
ExampleInvesting Rs 5000 monthly in an equity mutual fund:  Money is debited from the bank account monthly and invested in mutual funds. The number of units allotted depends on the NAV, which varies daily.

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What is SIP?

A Systematic Investment Plan (SIP) is a disciplined approach to investing that offers various advantages. It allows investors to build wealth by regularly investing a predetermined sum at set intervals, which could be weekly, monthly, or quarterly. SIPs often use auto-debit to automate withdrawals from the investor’s bank account into the chosen scheme. SIPs provide a flexible investment strategy. Investors can adjust their contributions based on their financial situation, increasing or decreasing the amounts as needed. This flexibility gives investors greater control over their investments.

Let’s say you decide to invest Rs 5000 every month in an equity mutual fund. Each month, Rs 5000 will be deducted from your linked bank account and invested in the mutual fund. If the market is up, you’ll buy fewer units of the mutual fund with Rs 5000, and if the market is down, you’ll buy more units. This unit allocation will change each month, continuously adding to your portfolio and influencing your overall returns.

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How SIP Works?

Before you set up your SIP, it’s essential to understand how it works. There are four main stages in the SIP investment process, from selecting a mutual fund scheme to having your funds invested.

  • Select a Mutual Fund Scheme: Start by choosing a mutual fund scheme based on your financial goals, risk appetite, investment strategy, and fund performance.
  • Select the Investment Frequency: Choose an investment frequency that suits you. Monthly investments are common, especially among salaried individuals, but you can also opt for weekly, quarterly, semi-annual, or annual contributions.
  • Set Up SIP with a Mutual Fund Scheme: Setting up your SIP is straightforward. On platforms like ET Money, go to your chosen mutual fund, click on invest, complete your KYC if you’re a first-time investor, and enter your bank details along with your SIP contributions and frequency.
  • Automatic Debits and Unit Allotment Based on NAV: Once set up, money will be automatically debited from your registered bank account at the selected intervals. You’ll receive acknowledgment of your investment, including the number of units allotted based on the NAV (Net Asset Value), which varies daily.

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Benefits of SIPs

  • Rupee-Cost Averaging: By investing a fixed amount regularly, you buy more units when prices are low and fewer when prices are high, reducing the impact of market volatility.
  • Professional Fund Management: Benefit from the expertise of professional fund managers.
  • Financial Discipline: Encourage consistent, fixed investments over time.
  • Compounding: Reinvest returns to boost your portfolio’s value over time.

Power of Investing Early

Starting early allows your investments more time to compound, significantly increasing your wealth over the long term. Compounding generates a snowball effect, where you earn interest on both the principal and the accumulated interest, leading to substantial growth.

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Types of SIP

  • Fixed SIP: A standard SIP with a fixed amount and duration.
  • Top-Up SIP: Increase your SIP contributions periodically, ideal for when your income increases.
  • Perpetual SIP: Continue indefinitely until you instruct otherwise.
  • Flexible SIP: Adjust your contribution amount or skip contributions based on market conditions or personal preferences.

Things to Consider While Starting SIP

  • Investment Goals: Define specific milestones, like buying a home or funding education, to keep track of your progress.
  • Time Horizon: Determine the duration for achieving your goals to align your investment risk.
  • Risk Appetite: Choose a fund that matches your risk tolerance by assessing its volatility.
  • Mutual Fund Category: Select funds based on your risk tolerance and time horizon; equity funds for long-term high-risk, and debt funds for short-term low-risk.
  • Trial Run: Use an SIP calculator to simulate potential returns and ensure your investment strategy aligns with your goals.

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Best SIP Funds

As of June 14, 2024, some of the best SIP mutual funds based on performance include:

Fund Name1-Year Return (%)3-Year Return (%)5-Year Return (%)
Parag Parikh Flexi Cap Fund Direct-Growth37.41%22.06%25.49%
Kotak Equity Opportunities Fund Direct-Growth49.19%25.39%24.12%
Mirae Asset Large & Midcap Fund Direct-Growth41.73%19.64%23.17%
Edelweiss Large & Mid Cap Direct Plan-Growth42.64%22.50%22.98%
Canara Robeco Emerging Equities Fund Direct-Growth42.00%20.86%22.44%

How to Choose the Right SIP

If you decide to start investing in SIPs (Systematic Investment Plans), consider the following steps to choose the right one:

  • Evaluate Your Financial Goals: Determine your financial objectives, risk tolerance, and investment horizon.
  • Research Mutual Fund Schemes: Compare various mutual fund schemes based on their performance, fund manager expertise, expense ratio, and asset allocation.
  • Assess Key Factors: Consider historical returns, consistency of performance, and risk-adjusted returns.
  • Check Track Records: Look for mutual fund schemes with a proven track record of generating returns that align with your expectations and benchmark indices.
  • Opt for Experienced Management: Choose schemes managed by experienced fund managers for better reliability and performance.

By following these steps, you can select the SIP plan that best suits your financial needs and goals.

Final Thoughts

Starting an SIP can be a highly rewarding part of your investment journey. It offers flexibility and reduces the effort needed to manage your investments. If you’re young, now is a great time to start your SIP. With time on your side, you can make the most of compounding and achieve your financial goals.


What is a Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)?

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP) is an investment strategy where you invest a fixed amount of money in a mutual fund scheme at regular intervals, such as weekly, monthly, or quarterly. This approach helps in building wealth over time through disciplined and regular investments.

How does SIP work?

SIP works by automatically debiting a fixed amount from your bank account at regular intervals and investing it in a mutual fund scheme. The number of units allotted to you depends on the current Net Asset Value (NAV) of the fund, which changes daily.

What are the benefits of investing through SIP?

The benefits of SIP include: Rupee-cost averaging: Reduces the impact of market volatility. Professional fund management: Leverages the expertise of fund managers. Financial discipline: Encourages consistent and regular investments. Compounding: Reinvests returns to enhance portfolio growth over time.

How do I start an SIP?

To start an SIP, follow these steps: Select a mutual fund scheme based on your financial goals and risk tolerance. Choose your investment frequency (weekly, monthly, quarterly, etc.). Set up the SIP by completing the necessary KYC (Know Your Customer) formalities and linking your bank account for automatic debits.

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